August, 2013

North Shore Preservation

The Daily Inter Lake, Inter Lake editorial
August 16, 2013.

If there’s anywhere around the Flathead where conservation efforts are entirely warranted, it would be the north shore of Flathead Lake, where Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks is pursuing the acquisition of 189 acres of farmland.

It has been well-documented how the Flathead River is not confined to its banks. There is a connected groundwater system that flows south into the lake and the north shore is essentially an expansive filter protecting the lake’s water quality.

Protecting that filter from development while maintaining wildlife habitat and public access are what this and other north-shore conservation efforts have been aimed at. In this case, the state would purchase the property and put it under a conservation easement that would keep the land in farming.

There is plenty of development all around the lake. The north shore is special just because it remains mostly undeveloped.


Flathead Valley farmers show river projects to the Society for Range Management

This summer, the International Mountain Section (IMS) of the Society for Range Management toured three land conservation and river restoration projects completed by Flathead River to Lake Initiative partners.

7-26-13 restoration tour_BrennemanSlough&DairyFarmThe Society of Range Management is dedicated to the conservation and sustainable management of rangelands for the benefit of future generations.  The International Mountain Section originated in 1950. Its members include farmers, university professors, and state and federal agency resource managers from Alberta and Montana.  The holds a summer tour and meeting in July which rotates between Alberta and Montana.

The IMS group visited a Montana Land Reliance conservation project in progress on a local dairy farm, the Foys Bend Fisheries Conservation Area managed by Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, and Ken Louden’s farm that has a conservation easement held by Flathead Land Trust.

A focus of the tour was learning how riparian areas along the river are managed or restored to benefit both the river and the needs of farmers.

All conservation projects on the tour were completed by the Flathead River to Lake Initiative, a collaborative effort to conserve and restore our Flathead River and Lake natural heritage – excellent water quality, abundant fish and wildlife habitat, prime agricultural soils, and outstanding scenic and outdoor recreation values.  The group learned that over the past 10 years the Flathead River to Lake Initiative has conserved over 5,000 acres of critical lands adding to a network of 11,000 acres of protected private and public lands in the 100-year floodplain of the lower Flathead River and on the north shore of Flathead Lake.

The first stop on the tour was of a local dairy farm with a conservation project in progress with Montana Land Reliance.  The farm is located on a slough of the Flathead River with quality riparian habitat including healthy cottonwood stands.  The IMS group learned that the family decided to fence the cows out of the riparian area on this property years ago and, as a result, have great vegetated buffers between the pastures and river that serve as important fish and wildlife habitat and protect water quality.  “One of the goals of the conservation project in process is to protect the agricultural uses of the property, while balancing the needs of water and wildlife and the landowner has done a good job of this,” said Mark Schiltz, Western Director, Montana Land Reliance.

Restoration tour_LoudenFarmAnother stop on the tour was at Ken Louden’s farm along the Flathead River east of Church Slough.  In 2009, he and his extended family placed conservation easements on over 1,000 acres of farmland, wetlands, riparian habitat and floodplain.  “These conservation easements on the Louden family farms, held by the Flathead Land Trust, protect over 800 acres of rich agricultural soils for food production, as well as a habitat corridor for fish and wildlife along the river,” said Laura Katzman, Land protection Specialist, Flathead Land Trust.

The IMS group learned that with Ken’s conservation project he installed fencing along some of the river bank to allow regrowth of shrubs and trees, but that much of the area grazed did not have fenced buffers because cattle use of the riparian area was limited.  In places where erosion has occurred along the riverbank, a riparian vegetation restoration project is underway.  The project involved planting shrubs and trees in fenced exclosures that keep out the deer. Ken received funding assistance for the restoration project from the Natural Resources Conservation Service and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.

The tour also stopped at the Foys Bend Fisheries Conservation Area owned by Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks  for the benefit of native bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout.  The IMS group observed a recent riparian restoration project there involving cottonwood plantings fenced from deer browsing and treated with various techniques as an experiment to help gain knowledge of the best protection mechanisms against voles, pocket gophers, and competitive grasses.  “This experiment will allow us to share results with landowners along the river,” said Kris Tempel, FWP Resource Specialist who designed the experiment. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks is getting funding help for the project from the Montana Department of Transportation mitigation funding.

The IMS group also learned that the riparian restoration projects on two of the properties on the tour are receiving help from an AmeriCorps member enlisted by the Flathead Lakers to pilot a new River Steward position to help landowners with restoration projects. At the Louden’s restoration project, River Steward Kirstin Gruver recruited Conservation Corps members to help partners plant trees and install fence.  Gruver has been following up with landowners to remove weeds, monitor plant growth, and assess the overall success of projects.  Constanza von der Pahlen, Flathead Lakers Critical Lands Program Director, who helped initiate the river steward position, said “these restoration projects are important for restoring healthy habitat and riparian buffers that improve water quality and reduce impacts of floods, while protecting prime farm soils for farming.”

Tanya Thrift, Supervisory Natural Resource Specialist, Bureau of Land Management, and IMS President, was excited to show these projects to IMS members.  The group was impressed by the land conservation and restoration projects and enjoyed the tour of some of the beautiful and productive farms in the Flathead Valley.


Proposed Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks land purchase: Another step in protecting the north shore.

FWP proposed NORTH SHORE WMA 2013The North Shore of Flathead Lake is a special place.  Its wildlife, water and natural beauty are wonderful natural assets. But the pressure to develop this area is great.  Landowners and River to Lake Initiative partners are working together to conserve the North Shore’s special qualities in the area extending from Somers to the Flathead River between Flathead Lake and Highway 82..

The North Shore is designated as an Important Bird Area by the Audubon Society. The area encompasses over 3,600 acres of public and private lands, and 7 miles of shoreline, wetlands and adjoining uplands.  Hundreds of shorebirds feed here during spring migration, and it is a major staging and roosting area for gulls during both spring and fall migration (up to 5,000 a day)

20070315 north shore flight pt. 1617Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks is proposing to purchase 189 acres on the North Shore of Flathead Lake.  The purchase would add to several existing protected areas and be managed to protect fish and wildlife and their habitat.

Flathead Land Trust helped do much of the legwork with the landowner and get the conservation project started.  “They got the project off the ground and moving,” Gael Bissell, wildlife biologist with Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, told The Daily InterLake . “We’re very appreciative of all their help.”

For more information or to comment (by August 31) go to and click on Public Notices.

Also check the Flathead River to Lake Initiative’s Keep Flathead Lake’s North Shore Special brochure.

On the News

North Shore preservation, The Daily Inter Lake, by Inter Lake editorial, August 16, 2013. See editoral.

Saving room for open space in the Flathead, Montana Public Radio, KUFM, by Katrin Frye, August 15, 2013.

North shore preservation planned, The Daily Inter Lake, by David Reese/Northwest Montana News Network, August 10, 2013. See Article.

One Step Closer: FWP land purchase could preserve part of north shore puzzle, Bigfork Eagle, by David Reese, August 7, 2013. See Article (Link not functional at this time. Please check again).

FWP Considers Buying 189 Acres of Land on Flathead Lake, Flathead Beacon, by Flathead Beacon staff, August 6, 2013. See Article.

FWP eyes 189 acres along Flathead Lake as part of management area proposal, Missoulian, by Vince Devlin, August 4, 2013. See Article.



River Steward Conducts “Edible Aquifer” activity for Kalispell Boys and Girls Club

This summer, Kirstin Gruver, our Flathead River Steward, led an ‘Edible Aquifer’ activity for the local Boys and Girls Club in Kalispell.  The activity is designed to introduce young people to aquifers in a fun and engaging way.  Club members, kids between 6 and 11 years old, learned how aquifers work and how ground water can be susceptible to pollutants.

“In the Edible Aquifer activity, kids get to create their own aquifers and eat them,” said Gruver.  “We use various foods to create different layers of the aquifer, including gummy bears, chocolate chips, and ice. These represent the gravels and sediment in the aquifer.”  The “gravel soils” were then saturated with a clear soft drink, just as water saturates the aquifer.

Edible AquiferIce cream was added on top of the “gravels” as the confining layer, sealing everything else in place.  Sprinkles and additional ice covered the top representing gravel and topsoil.

Once the aquifer was built, kids used a straw to “drill a well” in the aquifer.  They quickly drank the liquid and hence, depleted their aquifer of its water source.  Gruver discussed how various water uses in a watershed tap into our aquifers, and ways to conserve water to avoid depleting them.

Next, kids sprinkled powdered Kool-Aid on top of their aquifer to represent various pollutants.  By pouring soda to simulate rain, kids witnessed how the “pollutants” quickly reached and contaminated their groundwater. The club members then discussed ways to prevent pollutants from entering our aquifers.

Despite the sticky mess, the kids then got to eat their aquifers. They are now able to explain what an aquifer is, why it is important, and ways to we can protect it.